Theology in 1 John 1

“Theology” /defn/ – Theology is the study of God.

The New Testament letter 1 John is filled with theology, and each theological concept is important to our understanding of two things. One, who God is. Two, how God relates to the world. So let’s take a look at some of the theology we see in 1 John.

  • The complete humanity of Jesus (1 John 1:1-3). Jesus is fully human. The complete humanity of Jesus of Jesus is important because: Jesus is the mediator between God and man, he is our representative in obedience, our substitute in death, and our example in life..
  • The complete divinity of Jesus (1 John 1:2-3). Jesus is fully God. The complete divinity of Jesus is important because: Jesus is the mediator between God and man, he is more than a teacher but he is the only Savior.
  • The Incarnation of Jesus (1 John 1:2). Jesus, the one who is fully human and fully God, came to earth to live among us. The Incarnation of Jesus is important because he came to earth on a mission to proclaim the Kingdom of God, to die for sinners, and to give eternal life to all who believe in him.
  • Fellowship with God (1 John 1:3,6). Fellowship is close, mutual association. All who belong to Jesus enjoy a close, mutual association with God. They are in Christ, and they are God’s beloved children. They are His, and He is theirs.
  • God is light (1 John 1:5). God is completely perfect and completely good. There is no darkness in God, as He cannot do any evil.
  • Fellowship with one another (1 John 1:7). For all who belong to Jesus, they enjoy close, mutual association with one another. They are all members of God’s family, and therefore share a unique bond with each other.
  • Sin (1 John 1:7,8,9). Sin is rebellion against God, or breaking His law.
  • Confession (1 John 1:9). To agree with God that sin is sin.
  • Forgiveness (1 John 1:9). Having the penalty for sins dismissed or put to the side. To have the penalty of sins taken away.
  • Cleansing from all unrighteousness (1 John 1:9). Cleansed from the stain of sin. Having the dominion of sin removed from your life. Being made new in Christ.